Biological control of plant parasitic nematodes with fungi and bacteria / by Ganpati Jagdale

Biological control of plant-parasitic nematodes

Biological control is the introduction and/or establishment of natural enemies including parasites, predators and pathogens (fungi and bacteria) to suppress the population densities of plant-parasitic nematodes lower than their economic threshold level. Following are 24 nematophagous fungi and six pathogenic bacteria have a potential to use as biological control agents to control different kinds of plant-parasitic nematodes.

Name of nematophagous fungus:   Name of plant-parasitic nematode                                                       

1. Arthrobotrys dactyloides: Cyst nematodes (Nicola et al., 2014)

2. Arthrobotrys oligospora:  Root-knot nematodes (Mostafanezhad et al., 2014)

3. Aspergillus flavus: Root-knot nematodes (Xalxo et al., 2013)

4. Catenaria anguillulae: Root-knot and wheat gall nematodes (Singh et al., 2013)

5. Dactylaria brochopaga: Root-knot and wheat gall nematodes (Singh et al., 2013)

6. Dactylella oviparasitica: Cyst nematodes (Becker et al., 2013)

7. Esteya vermicola: Pine wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Lin et al., 2013)

8. Glomus aggregatum: Root lesion nematodes (Forge et al., 2001)

9. Glomus clarum: Root-knot nematodes (Sousa et al., 2010)

10. Glomus etunicatum: Root lesion nematodes (Forge et al., 2001)

11. Glomus intraradices: Root lesion nematodes (Forge et al., 2001)

12. Glomus mosseae: Root lesion nematodes (Forge et al., 2001)

13. Glomus versiforme: Root lesion nematodes (Forge et al., 2001)

14. Lecanicillium psalliotae: Root-knot nematodes (Gan et al., 2007)

15. Monacrosporium sinense: Plant-parasitic nematodes (Soares et al., 2013)

16. Monacrosporium lysipagum: Plant-parasitic nematodes (Khan et al., 2008)

17. Paecilomyces lilacinus: Root-knot nematodes (Mukhtar et al., 2013)

18. Plectosphaerella cucumerina: Potato cyst nematodes (Jacobs et al., 2013)

19. Pochonia bulbillosa: Cyst nematodes (Nicola et al., 2014)

20. Pochonia chlamydosporia: Plant-parasitic nematodes (Manzanilla-López et al., 2014; Mukhtar et al., 2013; Viggiano et al., 2014)

21. Pochonia chlamydosporia var. chlamydosporia: Plant-parasitic nematodes (Manzanilla-López et al., 2014; Viggiano et al., 2014)

22. Pochonia chlamydosporia var. catenulata: Cyst nematodes (Nicola et al., 2014)

23. Trichoderma harzianum: Root-knot nematodes (Mukhtar et al., 2013; Sharon et al., 2001; Sahebani and Hadavi, 2008)

24. Trichoderma viride: Root-knot nematodes (Maareg et al., 2008; Xalxo et al., 2013)

Name of pathogenic Bacteria: Name of plant-parasitic nematode

1. Bacillus cereus X5 : Root-knot nematodes (Xiao et al., 2013)

2. Pasteuria penetrans: Root-knot nematodes (Mukhtar et al., 2013)

3. Pasteuria nishizawae: Cyst nematodes (Noel et al., 2010)

4. Paenibacillus elgii: Root-knot nematodes (Nguyen et al., 2013)

5. Paenibacillus ehimensis: Root-knot nematodes (Hong et al., 2013)

6. Serratia marcescens: Root-knot nematodes (Al-Shalaby and Sedik, 2013)

Research Papers

  1. Al-Shalaby, M.E.M. and Sedik, M.Z. 2008. Biocontrol activity of some bacterial isolates against Meloidogyne incognita. Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control 18: 119-125.
  2. Becker, J.S., Borneman, J. and Becker, J.O. 2013.  Dactylella oviparasitica parasitism of the sugar beet cyst nematode observed in trixenic culture plates. Biological Control 64: 51-56.
  3. Forge, T., Muehlchen, A., Hackenberg, C., Neilsen, G. and Vrain, T. 2001. Effects of preplant inoculation of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on population growth of the root-lesion nematode, Pratylenchus penetrans.  Plant and Soil 236: 185-196.
  4. Gan, Z.W., Yang, J.K., Tao, N., Liang, L.M., Mi, Q.L., Li, J. and Zhang, K.Q. 2007. Cloning of the gene Lecanicillium psalliotae chitinase Lpchi1 and identification of its potential role in the biocontrol of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 76: 1309-1317.
  5. Hong, S.H., Anees, M. and Kim, K.Y.  2013. Biocontrol of Meloidogyne incognita inciting disease in tomato by using a mixed compost inoculated with Paenibacillus ehimensis RS820. Biocontrol Science and Technology 23: 1024-1039.
  6. Jacobs, H., Gray, S.N. and Crump, D.H. 2003. Interactions between nematophagous fungi and consequences for their potential as biological agents for the control of potato cyst nematodes. Mycological Research 107: 47-56.
  7. Khan, A., Williams, K.L., Soon, J. and Nevalainen, H.K.M. 2008.  Proteomic analysis of the knob-producing nematode-trapping fungus Monacrosporium lysipagum. Mycological Research 112: 1447-1452.
  8. Lin, F., Ye, J.L., Wang, H.G., Zhang, A.J. and Zhao, B.G. 2013. Host Deception: Predaceous Fungus, Esteya vermicola, Entices Pine Wood Nematode by Mimicking the Scent of Pine Tree for Nutrient.  PLOS ONE 8, Article Number: e71676.
  9. Maareg, M.F., Gohar, I.M.A. and El-Nagdi, W.M.A. 2008. Evaluation of certain organic manures as carrier substrates for mass production of some nematophagous fungi and related effects on Meloidogyne incognita infecting sugar beet plants 1-animal manures.  Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control 18: 227-234.
  10. Manzanilla-López, R.H.,  Esteves, I., Finetti-Sialer, M.M., Hirsch, P.R., Ward, E., Devonshire, J. and Hidalgo-Díaz, L. 2013. Pochonia chlamydosporia: Advances and challenges to improve its performance as a biological control agent of sedentary endo-parasitic nematodes. Journal of Nematology 45: 1-7.
  11. Mostafanezhad, H., Sahebani, N. and Zarghani, S.N. 2014. Control of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne javanica) with combination of Arthrobotrys oligospora and salicylic acid and study of some plant defense responses. Biocontrol Science and Technology 24: 203-215.
  12. Mukhtar, T., Hussain, M.A. and Kayani, M.Z. 2013.  Biocontrol potential of Pasteuria penetrans, Pochonia chlamydosporia, Paecilomyces lilacinus and Trichoderma harzianum against Meloidogyne incognita in okra.  Phytopathologia Mediterranea 52: 66-76.
  13. Nguyen, X.H., Naing, K.W., Lee, Y.S., Jung, W.J., Anees, M. and Kim, K.Y. 2013. Antagonistic potential of Paenibacillus elgii HOA73 against the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita. Nematology 15: 991-1000.
  14. Nicola, L., Tosi, S. and Savini, D.  2014. In vitro evaluation of nematophagous activity of fungal isolates. Journal of Basic Microbiology 54: 1-5.
  15. Noel, G.R., Atibalentja, N. and Bauer, S.J. 2010. Suppression of Heterodera glycines in a soybean field artificially infested with Pasteuria nishizawae. Nematropica 40: 41-52.
  16. Sahebani, N. and Hadavi, N.  2008. Biological control of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica by Trichoderma harzianum. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 40: 2016–2020.
  17. Sharon, E., Bar-Eyal, M., Chet, I., Herrera-Estrella, A., Kleifeld, O. and Spiegel, Y. 2001. Biological control of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica by Trichoderma harzianum. Phytopathology 91:687-693.
  18. Singh, U.B., Sahu, A., Sahu, N., Singh, R.K., Renu, R., Singh, D.K., Singh, B.P., Jaiswal, R.K., Singh, D.P., Rai, J.P., Manna, M.C., Singh, K.P., Srivastava, J.S., Rao, A.S. and Prasad, S.R.  2013. Nematophagous fungi: Catenaria anguillulae and Dactylaria brochopaga from seed galls as potential biocontrol agents of Anguina tritici and Meloidogyne graminicola in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Biological Control 67: 475-482.
  19. Soares, F.E.F., Braga, F.R., Araujo, J.V., Genier, H.L.A., Gouveia, A.S. and Queiroz, J.H. 2013. Nematicidal activity of three novel extracellular proteases of the nematophagous fungus Monacrosporium sinense. Parasitology Research 112: 1557-1565.
  20. Sousa, C.D., Soares, A.C.F., Coimbra, J.L., Garrido, M.D. and Machado, G.D. 2010. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the control of Meloidogyne incognita in tomato seedlings. Revista Caatinga 23: 15-20.
  21. Viggiano, J.R., de Freitas, L.G. and Lopes, E.A. 2014.Use of Pochonia chlamydosporia to control Meloidogyne javanica in cucumber. Biological Control 69: 72-77.
  22. Xalxo, P.C., D. Karkun, D. and Poddar, A.N.  2013. Rhizospheric fungal associations of root knot nematode infested cucurbits: In vitro assessment of their nematicidal potential.  Research Journal of Microbiology 8: 81-91.
  23. Xiao, T.J., Chen, F., Gao, C., Zhao, Q.Y., Shen, Q.R. and Ran, W. 2013. Bacillus cereus X5 Enhanced Bio-Organic Fertilizers Effectively Control Root-Knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne sp.). Pedosphere 23: 160–168.