List of research publications on entomopathogenic nematodes and slug-parasitic nematodes in various research journals.


  1. Beck, B., Brusselman, E., Nuyttens, D., Moens, M., Temmerman, F., Pollet, S., Van Weyenberg, S. and Spanoghe, P. 2014. Improving the biocontrol potential of entomopathogenic nematodes against Mamestra brassicae: effect of spray application technique, adjuvants and an attractant. Pest Management Science 70: 103-112.
  2. Erbas, Z., Gokce, C., Hazir, S., Demirbag, Z. and Demir, I. 2014. Isolation and identification of entomopathogenic nematodes (Nematoda: Rhabditida) from the Eastern Black Sea region and their biocontrol potential against Melolontha melolontha (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) larvae. Turkish journal of Agriculture and Forestry 38: 187-197.
  3. Kumar, S.N. and Mohandas, C. 2014. Antimycobacterial activity of cyclic dipeptides isolated from Bacillus sp N strain associated with entomopathogenic nematode. Pharmaceutical Biology 52: 91-96.
  4. Kumari, P., Kant, S., Zaman, S., Mahapatro, G.K, Banerjee, N. and Sarin, N.B. 2014. A novel insecticidal GroEL protein from Xenorhabdus nematophilaconfers insect resistance in tobacco. Transgenic Research 23: 99-107.
  5. Langford, E.A., Nielsen, U.N., Johnson, S.N. and Riegler, M. 2014. Susceptibility of Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) (Diptera: Tephritidae), to entomopathogenic nematodes. Biological Control 69: 34-39.
  6. Manrakhan, A., Daneel, J.H. and Moore, S.D. 2014. The impact of naturally occurring entomopathogenic nematodes on false codling moth, Thaumatotibia leucotreta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), in citrus orchards. Biocontrol Science and Technology 24: 241-245.
  7. Matadamas-Ortiz, P.T., Ruiz-Vega, J., Vazquez-Feijoo, J.A., Cruz-Martinez, H. and Cortes-Martinez, C.I. 2014. Mechanical production of pellets for the application of entomopathogenic nematodes: factors that determine survival time of Steinernema glaseri. Biocontrol Science and Technology 24: 145-157.
  8. Monteiro, C.M.D., Matos, R.D., Araujo, L.X., Perinotto, W.M.D., Bittencourt, V.R.E.P., Dolinski, C. and Prata, M.C.D. 2014. First report of pathogenicity of entomopathogenic nematodes of the genus Heterorhabditis on partially engorged females of Dermacentor nitens (Acari: Ixodidae). Biological Control 69: 78-81.
  9. Monteiro, C.M.O., Araujo, L.X., Gomes, G.A., Senra, T.O.S., Calmon, F., Daemon, E., de Carvalho, M.G., Bittencourt, V.R.E.P., Furlong, J. and Prata, M.C.D. 2014. Entomopathogenic nematodes associated with essential oil of Lippia sidoides for control of Rhipicephalus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Parasitology Research 113: 189-195.
  10. Navarro, P.D., McMullen, J.G. and Stock, S.P.  2014. Interactions between the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis sonorensis (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae) and the saprobic fungus Fusarium oxysporum (Ascomycota: Hypocreales). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 115: 41-47.
  11. Sicard, M., Raimond, M., Gaudriault, S., Lanois, A., Pages, S., Debenest, C., Braquart-Varnier, C. and Givaudan, A. 2014. Putative toxins from the entomopathogenic bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens kill Armadillidium vulgare(Terrestrial isopod). Biological Control 69: 40-44.
  12. Theopold, U., Krautz, R. and Dushay, M.S. 2014. The Drosophila clotting system and its messages for mammals. Developmental and Comparative Immunology 42: 42-46.
  13. Ulu, T.C. and Susurluk, I.A.  2014. Heat and desiccation tolerances of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora strains and relationships between their tolerances and some bioecological characteristics. Invertebrate Survival Journal 11: 4-10.


  1. Ahn, J.Y., Lee, J.Y., Yang, E.J., Lee, Y.J., Koo, K.B., Song, K.S. and Lee, K.Y. 2013. Mosquitocidal activity of anthraquinones isolated from symbiotic bacteria Photorhabdus of entomopathogenic nematode.  Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 16: 317-320.
  2. Ali, F. and Wharton, D.A. 2013. Cold tolerance abilities of two entomopathogenic nematodes, Steinernema feltiae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. Cryobiology 66: 24-29.
  3. Anbesse, S. and Ehlers, R-U. 2013.  Heterorhabditis sp. not attracted to synthetic (E)-beta-caryophyllene, a volatile emitted by roots upon feeding by corn rootworm. Journal of Applied Entomology 137: 88-96.
  4. Anbesse, S., Sumaya, N.H., Dorfler, A., Strauch, O. and Ehlers, R.U. 2013. Stabilisation of heat tolerance traits inHeterorhabditis bacteriophora through selective breeding and creation of inbred lines in liquid culture. Biocontrol 58: 85-93.
  5. Anbesse, S., Sumaya, N.H., Dorfler, A.V., Strauch, O. and Ehlers, R.U. 2013. Selective breeding for desiccation tolerance in liquid culture provides genetically stable inbred lines of the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 97: 731-739.
  6. Ansari, M.A. and Butt, T.M. 2013. Influence of the application methods and doses on the susceptibility of black vine weevil larvae Otiorhynchus sulcatus to Metarhizium anisopliaein field-grown strawberries. Biocontrol 58: 257-267.
  7. Atwa, A.A., Hegazi, E.M., Khafagi, W.E. and Abd El-Aziz, G.M. 2013. Interaction of the koinobiont parasitoid Microplitis rufiventris of the cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis, with two entomopathogenic rhabditids, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and Steinernema carpocapsae. Journal of Insect Science 13: Article Number: 84.
  8. Avtzis, D.N. and Cognato, A.I. 2013. Genetic structure of Curculio elephas Gyll. (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) in Greece: an important pest of sweet chestnut. Journal of Pest Science 86: 491-497.
  9. Balasubramanian, N. and Simoes, N. 2013. Cloning and molecular analysis of the aspartic protease Sc-ASP110 gene transcript in Steinernema carpocapsae. Parasitology 140: 1158-1167.
  10. Bashey, F., Hawlena, H. and Lively, C.M. 2013. Alternative paths to success in a parasite community: within-host competition can favor higher virulence or direct interference. Evolution 67: 900-907.
  11. Batalla-Carrera, L., Morton, A., Santamaria, S. and Garcia-del-Pino, F. 2013.  Isolation and virulence of entomopathogenic fungi against larvae of hazelnut weevil Curculio nucum (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) and the effects of combining Metarhizium anisopliae with entomopathogenic nematodes in the laboratory. Biocontrol Science and Technology 23: 101-125.
  12. Batalla-Carrera, L.  Morton, A. and Garcia-del-Pino, F. 2013. Field efficacy against the hazelnut weevil, Curculio nucum and short-term persistence of entomopathogenic nematodes. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 11: 1112-1119.
  13. Beck, B., Brusselman, E., Nuyttens, D., Moens, M., Pollet, S., Temmerman, F. and Spanoghe, P. 2013. Improving foliar applications of entomopathogenic nematodes by selecting adjuvants and spray nozzles. Biocontrol Science and Technology 23: 507-520.
  14. Belur, P.D., Inman, F.L. and Holmes, L.D. 2013. Determination of specific oxygen uptake rate of Photorhabdus luminescens during submerged culture in lab scale bioreactor.  Biocontrol Science and Technology 23: 1458-1468.
  15. Caccia, M., Lax, P. and Doucet, M.E. 2013.  Effect of entomopathogenic nematodes on the plant-parasitic nematode Nacobbus aberrans. Biology and Fertility of Soils 49: 105-109.
  16. Cakmak, I., Hazir, S., Ulug, D. and Karagoz, M. 2013. Olfactory response of Sancassania polyphyllae (Acari: Acaridae) to its phoretic host larva killed by the entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema glaseri (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae). Biological Control 65: 212-217.
  17. Campos-Herrera, R., Pathak, E., El-Borai, F.E., Schumann, A., Abd-Elgawad, M.M.M. and Duncan, L.W.  2013. New citriculture system suppresses native and augmented entomopathogenic nematodes.  Biological Control 66: 183-194.
  18. Campos-Herrera, R., Pathak, E., El-Borai, F.E., Stuart, R.J., Gutierrez, C., Rodriguez-Martin, J.A., Graham, J.H. and Duncan, L.W. 2013. Geospatial patterns of soil properties and the biological control potential of entomopathogenic nematodes in Florida citrus groves. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 66: 163-174.
  19. Cao, C.L., Jian, H., Zhao, A.Q., Jiang, X. and Liu, Q. 2013. Insect protein digestion improves purity of Steinernema carpocapsae in vitro culture and reduces culture period. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 97: 8705-8710.
  20. Castillo, J.C., Shokal, U. and Eleftherianos, I. 2013. Immune gene transcription in Drosophila adult flies infected by entomopathogenic nematodes and their mutualistic bacteria. Journal of Insect Physiology 59:179-185.
  21. Chang, Y.T., Hsieh, C.Y., Wu, L.C., Chang, H.C., Kao, S.S., Meng, M.H. and Hsieh, F.C. 2013. Purification and Properties of an Insecticidal Metalloprotease Produced by Photorhabdus luminescens Strain 0805-P5G, the Entomopathogenic Nematode Symbiont. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 14: 308-321.
  22. Chaston, J.M., Murfin, K.E., Heath-Heckman, E.A. and Goodrich-Blair, H. 2013. Previously unrecognized stages of species-specific colonization in the mutualism between Xenorhabdus bacteria and Steinernema nematodes. Cellular Microbiology 15: 1545-1559.
  23. da Silva, O.S., Prado, G.R., da Silva, J.L.R., Silva, C.E., da Costa, M. and Heermann, R. 2013. 2013. Oral toxicity of Photorhabdus luminescens and Xenorhabdus nematophila (Enterobacteriaceae) against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitology Research 112: 2891-2896.
  24. De Waal, J.Y., Malan, A.P. and Addison, M.F. 2013.  Effect of humidity and a superabsorbent polymer formulation on the efficacy of Heterorhabditis zealandica (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae) to control codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Biocontrol Science and Technology 23: 62-78.
  25. Del Valle, E.E., Lax, P., Duenas, J.R. and Doucet, M.E. 2013. Effects of insect cadavers infected by Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and Steinernema diaprepesi on Meloidogyne incognita parasitism in pepper and summer squash plants.  Ciencia e Investigacion Agraria 40: 109-118.
  26. Duncan, L.W., Stuart, R.J., El-Borai, F.E., Campos-Herrera, R., Pathak, E., Giurcanu, M. and Graham, J.H. 2013.  Modifying orchard planting sites conserves entomopathogenic nematodes, reduces weevil herbivory and increases citrus tree growth, survival and fruit yield. Biological Control 64: 26-36.
  27. Elmowitz, D.E., Ebssa, L., and Koppenhofer, A.M. 2013. Overwintering behavior of the entomopathogenic nematodes Steinernema scarabaei and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and their white grub hosts. Entomologia Experimentalis Et Applicata 148: 246-258.
  28. Ferreira, T., van Reenen, C., Pages, S., Tailliez, P., Malan, A.P. and Dicks, L.M.T. 2013. Photorhabdus luminescens subsp noenieputensis subsp nov., a symbiotic bacterium associated with a novel Heterorhabditis species related to Heterorhabditis indica. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63: 1853-1858.
  29. Ferreira, T., van Reenen, C.A., Endo, A., Sproer, C., Malan, A.P. and Dicks, L.M.T. 2013. Description of Xenorhabdus khoisanae sp nov., the symbiont of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema khoisanae. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63: 3220-3224.
  30. Frew, A., Nielsen, U.N., Riegler, M. and Johnson, S.N. 2013. Do eucalypt plantation management practices create understory reservoirs of scarab beetle pests in the soil?  Forest Ecology and Management 306: 275-280.
  31. Garcia-del-Pino, F., Alabern, X. and Morton, A. 2013. Efficacy of soil treatments of entomopathogenic nematodes against the larvae, pupae and adults of Tuta absoluta and their interaction with the insecticides used against this insect. Biocontrol 58: 723-731.
  32. Gatsogiannis, C., Lang, A.E., Meusch, D., Pfaumann, V., Hofnagel, O., Benz, R., Aktories, K. and Raunser, S. 2013. A syringe-like injection mechanism in Photorhabdus luminescens toxins. Nature 495: 520-523.
  33. Gozel, U. and Gunes, C. 2013. Effect of entomopathogenic nematode species on the corn stalk borer (Sesamia creticaLed. Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) at different temperatures. Turkiye Entomoloji Dergisi-Turkish Journal of Entomology 37: 65-72.
  34. Grucmanova, S. and Holusa, J.  2013. Nematodes associated with bark beetles, with focus on the genus Ips (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) in Central Europe.  Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 65: 547-556.
  35. Guo, W., Yan, X., Zhao, G. and Han, R. 2013. Efficacy of Entomopathogenic Steinernema and Heterorhabditis Nematodes against White Grubs (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in Peanut Fields.  Journal of Economic Entomology 106: 1112-1117.
  36. Hassani-Kakhki, M., Karimi, J. and Shokoohi, E 2013. Molecular and morphological characterization of Pristionchus pacificus (Nematoda: Rhabditida: Neodiplogastridae), a new record of an entomophilic nematode from Iran. Biologia 68: 910-917.
  37. Houard, J., Aumelas, A., Noel, T., Pages, S., Givaudan, A., Fitton-Ouhabi, V., Villain-Guillot, P. and Gualtieri, M. 2013. Cabanillasin, a new antifungal metabolite, produced by entomopathogenic Xenorhabdus cabanillasii JM26. Journal of Antibiotics 66: 617-620.
  38. Ilan, T., Kim-Shapiro, D.B., Bock, C.H., and Shapiro-Ilan, D.I. 2013. Magnetic and electric fields induce directional responses in Steinernema carpocapsae. International Journal for Parasitology 43: 781-784.
  39. Ivanova, E.S., Shepeleva, N.S. and Spiridonov, S.E. 2013. Morphological and molecular characterisation of Steinernema costaricenseUribe-Lorio, Mora & Stock, 2007 (Panagrolaimorpha: Steinernematidae) isolate from Bush Augusta State Park, Missouri, USA. Systematic Parasitology 85: 219-234.
  40. Kamali, S., Karimi, J., Hosseini, M. Campos-Herrera, R.  and Duncan, L.W.  2013. Biocontrol potential of the entomopathogenic nematodes Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and Steinernema carpocapsae on cucurbit fly, Dacus ciliatus (Diptera: Tephritidae). Biocontrol Science and Technology 23: 1307-1323.
  41. Kepenekci, I., Tulek, A., Alkan, M. and Hazir, S. 2013. Biological control potential of native entomopathogenic nematodes against the potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 45: 1415-1422.
  42. Kleespies, R.G., Ritter, C., Zimmermann, G., Burghause, F., Feiertag, S. and Leclerque, A. 2013. A survey of microbial antagonists of Agriotes wireworms from Germany and Italy. Journal of Pest Science 86: 99-106.
  43. Koppenhofer, A.M., Ebssa, L. and Fuzy, E.M. 2013.  Storage temperature and duration affect Steinernema scarabaei dispersal and attraction, virulence, and infectivity to a white grub host. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 112: 129-137.
  44. Kumar, N., Gorantla, J.N., Mohandas, C., Nambisan, B. and Lankalapalli, R.S. 2013. Isolation and antifungal properties of cyclo(D-Tyr-L-Leu) diketopiperazine isolated from Bacillussp associated with Rhabditid entomopathogenic nematode. Natural Product Research 27: 2168-2172. lella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 45: 1415-1422.
  45. Kumar, N., Mohandas, C., Nambisan, B., Kumar, D.R.S. and Lankalapalli, R.S. 2013.  Isolation of proline-based cyclic dipeptides from Bacillus sp N strain associated with rhabitid entomopathogenic nematode and its antimicrobial properties. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 29: 355-364.
  46. Kumar, P., Singh, S., Dutta, D., Singh, N., Sharma, G., Ganguly, S., Kalia, V. and Nain, L. 2013. Extracellular novel metalloprotease from Xenorhabdus indica and its potential as an insecticidal agent. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 23: 1536-1543. ody> lella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 45: 1415-1422.
  47. Kumar, S.N., Mohandas, C. and Nambisan, B. 2013. Purification of an antifungal compound, cyclo(L-Pro-D-Leu) for cereals produced by Bacillus cereus subsp thuringiensisassociated with entomopathogenic nematode. Microbiological Research 168: 278-288.
  48. Kumar, S.N., Nambisan, B., Mohandas, C. and Sundaresan, A. 2013. In vitro synergistic activity of diketopiperazines alone and in combination with amphotericin B or clotrimazole against Candida albicans. Folia Microbiologica 58: 475-482.
  49. Kuwata, R., Qiu, L.H., Wang, W., Harada, Y., Yoshida, M., Kondo, E. and Yoshiga, T. 2013. Xenorhabdus ishibashii sp nov., isolated from the entomopathogenic nematode Steinemema aciari. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63: 1690-1695.
  50. Lango-Scholey, L., Brachmann, A.O., Bode, H.B. and Clarke, D.J. 2013. The expression of stlA in Photorhabdus luminescens is controlled by nutrient limitation. PLOS One: 8, Article Number: UNSP e82152.
  51. Laznik, Z. and Trdan, S. 2013. An investigation on the chemotactic responses of different entomopathogenic nematode strains to mechanically damaged maize root volatile compounds. Experimental Parasitology 134: 349-355.
  52. Ma, J., Chen, S.L., Moens, M., Han, R.C. and De Clercq, P. 2013. Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae) against the chive gnat, Bradysia odoriphaga.  Journal of Pest Science 86: 551-561.
  53. Ma, J., Chen, S.L., Moens, M., De Clercq, P., Li, X.H. and Han, R.C. 2013. Characterization in biological traits of entomopathogenic nematodes isolated from North China. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 114: 268-276.
  54. Mbata, G.N., and Shapiro-Ilan, D. 2013. The potential for controlling Pangaeus bilineatus (Heteroptera: Cydnidae) using a combination of entomopathogens and an insecticide. Journal of Economic Entomology 106: 2072-2076.
  55. Manachini, B., Schillaci, D. and Arizza, V. 2013. Biological Responses of Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) to Steinernema carpocapsae (Nematoda: Steinernematidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 106: 1582-1589.
  56. Mejia-Torres, M.C. and Saenz, A. 2013. Ecological characterisation of the Colombian entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis sp SL0708. Brazilian Journal of Biology 73: 239-243.
  57. Miranda, V.A., Navarro, P.D., Davidowitz, G., Bronstein, J. and Stock, S.P. 2013. Effect of insect host age and diet on the fitness of the entomopathogenic nematode-bacteria mutualism. Symbiosis 61: 145-153.
  58. Monteiro, C.M.O., Araujo, L.X., Matos, R.S., Golo, P.D., Angelo, I.C., Perinotto, W.M.D., Rodrigues, C.A.C., Furlong, J., Bittencourt, V.R.E.P. and Prata, M.C.A. 2013. Association between entomopathogenic nematodes and fungi for control of Rhipicephalus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Parasitology Research 112: 3645-3651.
  59. Monteiro, C.M.O., Araujo, L.X., Matos, R.S., Golo, P.D., Angelo, I.C., Perinotto, W.M.D., Rodrigues, C.A.C., Furlong, J., Bittencourt, V.R.E.P. and Prata, M.C.A. 2013. Association between entomopathogenic nematodes and fungi for control of Rhipicephalus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Parasitology Research 112: 3645-3651.
  60. Moreira, G.F., Batista, E.S.D., Campos, H.B.N., Lemos, R.E. and Ferreira, M.D. 2013. Spray nozzles, pressures, additives and stirring time on viability and pathogenicity of entomopathogenic nematodes (Nematoda: Rhabditida) for greenhouses. Plos One 8 Article Number: e65759.
  61. Morton, A. and Garcia-del-Pino, F.  2013. Sex-related differences in the susceptibility of Periplaneta americana and Capnodis tenebrionis to the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema carpocapsae. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 112: 203-207.
  62. Moshayov, A., Koltai, H. and Glazer, I. 2013. Molecular characterisation of the recovery process in the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. International Journal for Parasitology 43: 843-852.
  63. Nansen, C., Stokes, B., James, J., Porter, P., Shields, E.J., Wheeler, T. and Meikle, W.G. 2013. Biological control agent of larger black flour beetles (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae): A nuisance pest developing in cotton gin trash piles.  Journal of Economic Entomology 106: 648-652.
  64. Negrisoli, C.R.D.B., Negrisoli, A.S., Bernardi, D. and Garcia, M.S. 2013. Activity of eight strains of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae, Heterorhabditidae) against five stored product pests. Experimental Parasitology 134: 384-388.
  65. Negrisoli, C.R.D.B., Negrisoli, A.S., Botton, M., Garcia, M.S. and Bernardi, D. 2013. Evaluation of efficacy of 18 strains of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida) against Planococcus citri(Risso, 1813) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) under laboratory conditions. Experimental Parasitology 134: 295-298.
  66. Negrisoli, C.R.D.B., Negrisoli, A.S., Garcia, M.S., Dolinski, C. and Bernardi, D. 2013. Control of Grapholita molesta (Busck, 1916) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae, Steinernematidae) in peach orchards. Experimental Parasitology 135: 466-470.
  67. Nimkingrat, P., Khanam, S., Strauch, O. and Ehlers, R.U. 2013. Hybridisation and selective breeding for improvement of low temperature activity of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema feltiae. Biocontrol 58: 417-426.
  68. Nimkingrat, P., Uhlmann, F., Strauch, O. and Ehlers, R.U. 2013. Desiccation tolerance of dauers of entomopathogenic nematodes of the genus Steinernema. Nematology 15: 451-458.
  69. Orozco, R.A., Hill, T. and Stock, S.P. 2013.  Characterization and phylogenetic relationships of Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. sonorensis (gamma-Proteobacteria: Enterobacteriaceae), the bacterial symbiont of the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis sonorensis(Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae). Current Microbiology 66: 30-39.
  70. Park, H.W., Kim, H.H., Cho, M.R., Kang, T.J., Ahn, S.J., Jeon, S.W. and Choo, H.Y. 2013. Infectivity of entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema carpocapsae Pocheon strain (Nematoda: Steinernematidae) on the green peach aphid Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and its parasitoids. Biocontrol Science and Technology 23: 637-645.
  71. Peters, A. 2013. Application and commercialization of nematodes. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 97: 6181-6188.
  72. Petzold-Maxwell, J.L., Jaronski, S.T., Clifton, E.H., Dunbar, M.W., Jackson, M.A. and Gassmann, A.J. 2013. Interactions among Bt maize, entomopathogens, and rootworm species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in the field: effects on survival, yield, and root injury. Journal of Economic Entomology 106: 622-632.
  73. Robert, C.A.M., Erb, M., Hiltpold, I., Hibbard, B.E., Gaillard, M.D.P., Bilat, J., Degenhardt, J., Cambet-Petit-Jean, X., Turlings, T.C.J. and Zwahlen, C. 2013. Genetically engineered maize plants reveal distinct costs and benefits of constitutive volatile emissions in the field. Plant Biotechnology Journal 11: 628-639.
  74. Robert, C.A.M., Frank, D.L., Leach, K. A., Turlings, T.C.J., Hibbard, B.E. and Erb, M. 2013. Direct and indirect plant defenses are not suppressed by endosymbionts of a specialist root herbivore. Journal of Chemical Ecology 39: 507-515.
  75. Rudeen, M.L. and Gassmann, A.J. 2013. Effects of Cry34/35Ab1 corn on the survival and development of western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera. Pest Management Science 69: 709-716.
  76. Ruiz-Najera, R.E., Ruiz-Estudillo, R.A., Sanchez-Yanez, J.M., Molina-Ochoa, J., Skoda, S.R., Coutino-Ruiz, R., Pinto-Ruiz, R., Guevara-Hernandez, F. and Foster, J.E]. 2013. Occurrence of entomopathogenic fungi and parasitic nematodes on Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae collected in central Chiapas, Mexico. Florida Entomologist 96: 498-503.
  77. San-Blas, E. 2013. Progress on entomopathogenic nematology research: A bibliometric study of the last three decades: 1980-2010. Biological Control 66: 102-124.
  78. Shapiro-Ilan, D.I. and Brown,  I. 2013. Earthworms as phoretic hosts for Steinernema carpocapsae and Beauveria bassiana: Implications for enhanced biological control. Biological Control 66: 41-48.
  79. Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Jackson, M.A. and Wood, B.W.  2013. Control of key pecan insect pests using biorational pesticides. Journal of Economic Entomology 106: 257-266.
  80. Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Wright, S.E.l., Tuttle, A.F., Cooley, D.R. and Leskey, T.C. 2013. Using entomopathogenic nematodes for biological control of plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar: Effects of irrigation and species in apple orchards. Biological Control 67: 123-129.
  81. Shim, J.K., Bang, H.S. and Lee, K.Y. 2013. Growth-dependent toxicity of Photorhabdus temperata in katydid Paratlanticus ussuriensis. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 16: 457-460.
  82. Susurluk, I.A., Kongu, Y. and Ulu, T.C. 2013. Quality control of in vitro produced Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae) strains isolated from Turkey. Turkiye Entomoloji Dergisi-Turkish Journal of Entomology 37: 283-291.
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  91. Yang, J., Zeng, H.M., Lin, H.F., Yang, X.F., Liu, Z., Guo, L.H., Yuan, J.J. and Qiu, D.W.  2012. An insecticidal protein from Xenorhabdus budapestensis that results in prophenoloxidase activation in the wax moth, Galleria mellonella. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 110: 60-67.
  92. Zhang, H.Q., Mao, J.J., Liu, F.J. and Zeng, F.R.  2012. Expression of a nematode symbiotic bacterium-derived protease inhibitor protein in tobacco enhanced tolerance against Myzus persicae. Plant Cell Reports 31: 1981-1989.


  1. Abebe, E., Akele, F.A., Morrison, J., Cooper, V. and Thomas, W.K. 2011. An insect pathogenic symbiosis between a Caenorhabditis and Serratia.  Virulence 2: 158-161.
  2. Abebe, E., Bonner, K., Gray, V. and Thomas, W.K. 2011. Response to 'Bugs don't make worms kill'. Journal of Experimental Biology 214: 1053-1054.
  3. Ali, J.G., Alborn, H.T. and Stelinski, L.L. 2011. Constitutive and induced subterranean plant volatiles attract both entomopathogenic and plant parasitic nematodes. Journal of Ecology 99: 26-35.
  4. Ansari, M. A. and Butt, T. M. 2011. Effect of potting media on the efficacy and dispersal of entomopathogenic nematodes for the control of black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Biological Control 58: 310-318.
  5. Bashey, F., Reynolds, C., Sarin, T. and Young, S.K.  2011. Virulence and competitive ability in an obligately killing parasite. OIKOS 120: 1539-1545.
  6. Brown, F.D., D'Anna, I. and Sommer, R.J. 2011.  Host-finding behaviour in the nematode Pristionchus pacificus.   Proceedings of the Royal Society b-Biological Sciences  278: 3260-3269.
  7. Campos-Herrera, R., El-Borai, F.E., Stuart, R.J., Graham, J.H. and Duncan, L.W. 2011.   Entomopathogenic nematodes, phoretic Paenibacillus spp., and the use of real time quantitative PCR to explore soil food webs in Florida citrus groves. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 108: 30-39.
  8. Campos-Herrera, R., Johnson, E. G, El-Borai, F. E., Stuart, R. J., Graham, J. H. and Duncan, L. W.2011. Long-term stability of entomopathogenic nematode spatial patterns in soil as measured by sentinel insects and real-time PCR. Annals of Applied Biology    158: 55-68.
  9. Chapuis, E., Pages, S., Emelianoff, V., Givaudan, A. and Ferdy, J.B. 2011. Virulence and pathogen multiplication: a serial passage experiment in the hypervirulent bacterial insect-pathogen Xenorhabdus nematophila.  PLOS One 6: 1, Article Number: e15872.
  10. Chaston, J.M., Dillman, A.R., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Bilgrami, A.L., Gaugler, R., Hopper, K.R. and Adams, B.J. 2011. Outcrossing and crossbreeding recovers deteriorated traits in laboratory cultured Steinernema carpocapsae nematodes. International Journal for Parasitology 41: 801-809.
  11. Chavarria-Hernandez, N., Maciel-Vergara, G., Chavarria-Hernandez, J.C., Castro-Rosas, J.,Rodriguez-Pastrana, B.R., de la Torre-Martinez, M. and Rodriguez-Hernandez, A.I. 2011. Mass production of the entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae CABA01, through the submerged monoxenic culture in two internal-loop airlift bioreactors with some geometric differences. Biochemical Engineering Journal  55: 145-153.
  12. Cottrell, T. E., Shapiro-Ilan, D. I., Horton, D. L., and Mizell, R. F., III.  2011. Laboratory virulence and orchard efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against the lesser peach tree borer (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae).  Journal of Economic entomology 104: 47-53.
  13. Cuthbertson, A.G.S., Blackburn, L.F., Eyre, D.P., Cannon, R.J.C., Miller, J. and Northing, P. 2011. Bemisia tabaci: The current situation in the UK and the prospect of developing strategies for eradication using entomopathogens.  InsectScience 18: 1-10.
  14. de Waal, J.Y., Malan, A.P. and Addison, M.F. 2011.  Evaluating mulches together with Heterorhabditis zealandica (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae) for the control of diapausing codling moth larvae, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).  Biocontrol Science and Technology 21: 255-270.
  15. Dembilio, O., Karamaouna, F., Kontodimas, D. C., Nomikou, M. and Jacas, J. A. 2011. Short communication. Susceptibility of Phoenix theophrasti (Palmae: Coryphoideae) to Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and its control using Steinernema carpocapsae in a chitosan formulation. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 9: 623-626.
  16. Deol, Y.S., Jagdale, G.B., Canas, L., and Grewal, P.S. 2011.  Delivery of entomopathogenic nematodes directly through commercial growing media via the inclusion of infected host cadavers: A novel approach. Biological Control 58: 60-67.
  17. Ebssa, L. and Koppenhofer, A.M.  2011.   Efficacy and persistence of entomopathogenic nematodes for black cutworm control in turfgrass. Biocontrol Science and Technology 21: 779-796.
  18. Ebrahimi, L., Niknam, G. and Lewis, E. E. 2011.   Lethal and sublethal effects of Iranian isolates of Steinernema feltiae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora on the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata. Biocontrol 56: 781-788.
  19. Edgington, S., Buddie, A. G., Moore, D., France, A., Merino, L. and Hunt, D. J. 2011.  Heterorhabditis atacamensis n. sp (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae), a new entomopathogenic nematode from the Atacama Desert, Chile. Journal of Helminthology 85: 381-394.
  20. Ebrahimi, L.,Niknam, G.and Dunphy, G.B. 2011. Hemocyte responses of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, and the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella, to the entomopathogenic nematodes, Steinernema feltiae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora . Journal of Insect Science 11, Article Number: 75.
  21. El-Borai, F.E., Campos-Herrera, R., Stuart, R.J. and Duncan, L.W. 2011.   Substrate modulation group effects and the behavioral responses of entomopathogenic nematodes to nematophagous fungi.  Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 106: 347-356.
  22. Fang, X. L., Li, Z. Z.,Wang, Y. H. and Zhang, X. 2011. In vitro and in vivo antimicrobial activity of Xenorhabdus bovienii YL002 against Phytophthora capsici and Botrytis cinerea.  Journal of Applied Microbiology 111: 145-154.
  23. Fenton. A., Magoolagan, L., Kennedy, Z. and Spencer, K.A.  2011. Parasite-induced warning coloration: a novel form of host. Animal Behaviour 81: 417-422.
  24. Giometti, FHC, Leite, LG., Tavares, FM., Schmit, F.S., Batista, A. and Dell'Acqua, R. 2011.  Virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes (Nematoda: Rhabditida) against Sphenophorus levis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).   Bragantia 70: 81-86.
  25. Ferreira, T.D., Souza, R.M. and Dolinski, C. 2011. Assessing the influence of the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis baujardi LPP7 (Rhabiditina) on embryogenesis and hatching of the plant-parasitic nematode Meloidogyne mayaguensis (Tylenchina).  Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 107: 164-167.
  26. Hallem, E.A., Dillman, A.R., Hong, A.V., Zhang, Y.J., Yano, J.M., DeMarco, S.F. and Sternberg, P.W. 2011. A Sensory Code for Host Seeking in Parasitic Nematodes.  Current Biology 21: 377-383.
  27. Hallem, E.A., Dillman, A.R., Hong, A.V., Zhang, Y.J., Yano, J.M., DeMarco, S.F., and Sternberg, P.W. 2011. A sensory code for host seeking in parasitic nematodes. Current Biology 21: 377-383.
  28. Hiltpold, I., Erb, M., Robert, C.A.M., and Turlings, Ted C. J. 2011. Systemic root signalling in a belowground, volatile-mediated tritrophic interaction. Plant Cell and Environment 34: 1267-1275.
  29. Hodson, A.K., Friedman, M.L., Wu, L.N. and Lewis, E.E. 2011. European earwig (Forficula auricularia) as a novel host for the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema carpocapsae. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 107: 60-64.
  30. Hyrsl, P., Dobes, P., Wang, Z., Hauling, T., Wilhelmsson, C. and Theopold, U. 2011. Clotting Factors and Eicosanoids Protect against Nematode Infections.  Journal of Innate Immunity 3: 65-70.
  31. Khatri-Chhetri, H.B., Timsina, G.P., Manandhar, H.K. and Moens, M. 2011. Potential of Nepalese entomopathogenic nematodes as biocontrol agents against Holotrichia longipennis Blanch. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Journal of Pest Science 84: 457-469.
  32. Karban, R., Hodson, A., Gruner, D.S., Lewis, E.E., Karban, J., Joseph, M., Mata, T. and Strong, D.R. 2011. Lack of susceptibility of soil-inhabiting Platyprepia virginaliscaterpillars, a native arctiid, to entomopathogenic nematodes in nature.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 140: 28-34.
  33. Kim, J. and Kim, Y. 2011.  Three metabolites from an entomopathogenic bacterium, Xenorhabdus nematophila, inhibit larval development of Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) by inhibiting a digestive enzyme, phospholipase A (2). Insect Science 18: 282-288.
  34. Lanois, A., Pages, S., Bourot, S., Canoy, A.S., Givaudan, A. and Gaudriault, S.  2011.  Transcriptional analysis of a Photorhabdussp variant reveals transcriptional control of phenotypic variation and multifactorial pathogenicity in insects.  Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77: 1009-1020.
  35. Laznik, Z., Znidarcic, D. and Trdan, S. 2011. Control of Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) adults on glasshouse-grown cucumbers in four different growth substrates: an efficacy comparison of foliar application of Steinernema feltiae (Filipjev) and spraying with thiamethoxamn. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 35: 631-640.
  36. Malan, A.P., Knoetze, R. and Moore, S.D.  2011.  Isolation and identification of entomopathogenic nematodes from citrus orchards in South Africa and their biocontrol potential against false codling moth. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 108: 115-125.
  37. Malinowski, H. 2011. Possibility of forest protection against insects damaging root systems with the use of biological method based on entomopathogenic nematodes and bacteria. Sylwan 155: 104-111.
  38. Michaels, B. and Tisa, L.S. 2011. Swarming motility by Photorhabdus temperata is influenced by environmental conditions and uses the same flagella as that used in swimming motility.  Canadian Journal of Microbiology 57: 196-203.
  39. Morales-Soto, N., and Forst, S.A. 2011. The xnp1 P2-Like Tail Synthesis Gene Cluster Encodes Xenorhabdicin and Is Required for Interspecies Competition. Journal of Bacteriology 193: 3624-3632.
  40. Nguyen, K.B., and Buss, E.A. 2011. Steinernema phyllophagae n. sp (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae), a new entomopathogenic nematode from Florida, USA. Nematology 13: 425-442.
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  42. Qiu, L. H., Zhao, J. X., Wu, Z. D., Lv, Z. Y. and Pang, Y. 2011.Steinernema pui sp. n. (Rhabditida, Steinernematidae), a new entomopathogenic nematode from Yunnan, China. ZootaxaIssue: 2787: 68-68.
  43. Radova, S.  2011.  Effects of selected pesticides on survival and virulence of two nematode species. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies.  20: 181-185.
  44. Rahoo,  A.M., Mukhtar, T., Gowen, S.R. and Pembroke, B.  2011.  Virulence of entomopathogenic bacteria Xenorhabdus bovienii and Photorhabdus luminescens against Galleria mellonella Larvae. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 43: 543-548.
  45. Raja, R.K., Sivaramakrishnan, S. and Hazir, S. 2011.   Ecological characterisation of Steinernema siamkayai (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae), a warm-adapted entomopathogenic nematode isolate from India. Biocontrol 56: 789-798.
  46. Rasmann, S., Erwin, A.C., Halitschke, R. and Agrawal, A.A. 2011. Direct and indirect root defenses of milkweed (Asclepias syriaca): trophic cascades, trade-offs and novel methods for studying subterranean herbivory.  Journal of Ecology 99: 16-25.
  47. Shah, N.K., Azmi, M.I. and Tyagi, P.K. 2011. Pathogenicity of Rhabditid nematodes (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae and Steinernematidae) to the grubs of alfalfa weevil, Hypera postica (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Range Management and Agroforestry 32: 64-67.
  48. Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E. and Wood, B.W. 2011.  Effects of combining microbial and chemical insecticides on mortality of the Pecan weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).  Journal of Economic Entomology 104: 14-20.
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  50. Spence, K.O., Stevens, G.N., Arimoto, H., Ruiz-Vega, J., Kaya, H.K. and Lewis, E.E. 2011.  Effect of insect cadaver desiccation and soil water potential during rehydration on entomopathogenic nematode (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae) production and virulence. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 106: 268-273.
  51. Stokwe, N.F., Malan, A.P., Nguyen, K.B., Knoetze, R. and Tiedt, L. 2011. Steinernema citrae n. sp. (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae), a new entomopathogenic nematode from South Africa. Nematology 13: 569-587.
  52. Susurluk, I.A., Kumral, N.A., Bilgili, U. and Acikgoz, E. 2011. Control of a new turf pest, Dorcadion pseudopreissi (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), with the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. Journal of Pest Science 84: 321-326.
  53. Wang, T.Y. and Chen, L. 2011. Nonlinear analysis of a microbial pesticide model with impulsive state feedback control. Nonlinear Dynamics 65: 1-10.
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  1. Ali, J.G., Alborn, H.T. and Stelinski, L.L. 2010.  Subterranean herbivore-induced volatiles released by citrus roots upon feeding by Diaprepes abbreviatus recruit entomopathogenic nematodes. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 36: 361-368.
  2. An, R.S. and Grewal, P.S. 2010.  Molecular mechanisms of persistence of mutualistic bacteria Photorhabdus in the entomopathogenic nematode host. Plos One. : 5: 10 Article Number: e13154.
  3. Andalo, V., Cavalcanti, R.S., Molina, J.P., Moino, A. 2010.  Substrates for storing entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae, Heterorhabditidae).  Scientia Agricola. 67: 342-347.
  4. Andalo, V., Moreira, G.F. and Moino, A. 2010.  Studies of two new populations of Heterorhabditis amazonensis (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae). Nematropica. 39: 199-211.
  5. Ansari, M.A., Shah, F.A. and Butt, T.M. 2010.  The entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema kraussei and Metarhizium anisopliae work synergistically in controlling overwintering larvae of the black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus, in strawberry growbags. Biocontrol Science and Technology. 20: 99-105.
  6. Athanassiou, C.G., Kavallieratos, N.C., Menti, H. and Karanastasi, E. 2010.  Mortality of four stored product pests in stored wheat when exposed to doses of three entomopathogenic nematodes.  Journal of Economic Entomology. 103: 977-984.
  7. Aymeric, J.L., Givaudan, A. and Duvic, B. 2010. Imd pathway is involved in the interaction of Drosophila melanogaster with the entomopathogenic bacteria, Xenorhabdus nematophila and Photorhabdus luminescens.  Molecular Immunology.   47: 2342-2348.
  8. Balasubramanian, N., Toubarro, D. and Simoes, N. 2010.  Biochemical study and in vitro insect immune suppression by a trypsin-like secreted protease from the nematode Steinernema carpocapsaeParasite Immunology. 32: 165-175.
  9. Batalla-Carrera, L., Morton, A. and Garcia-del-Pino, F. 2010.  Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against the tomato leafminer Tuta absoluta in laboratory and greenhouse conditions.  Biocontrol. 55: 523-530.
  10. Brusselman, E., Moens, M., Steurbaut, W. and Nuyttens, D. 2010.  Evaluation of hydraulic, pneumatic and mechanical agitation for the spray application of Steinernema carpocapsae (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae). Biocontrol Science and Technology. 20: 339-351.
  11. Brusselman, E., Nuyttens, D., Steurbaut, W., Messens, W., de Sutter, N., Viaene, N. and Moens, M. 2010.  An image processing technique for the observation of the viability of Steinernema carpocapsae in spray application research. Nematology. 12: 105-113.
  12. Cakmak, I., Ekrnen, Z.I., Karagoz, M., Hazir, S. and Kaya, H.K. 2010.Development and reproduction of Sancassania polyphyllae (Acari: Acaridae) feeding on entomopathogenic nematodes and tissues of insect larvae. Pedobiologia. 53: 235-240.
  13. Campos-Herrera, R., Piedra-Buena, A., Escuer, M., Montalban, B. and Gutierrez, C. 2010.  Effect of seasonality and agricultural practices on occurrence of entomopathogenic nematodes and soil characteristics in La Rioja (Northern Spain). Pedobiologia. 53: 253-258.
  14. Chambers, U. Bruck, D.J., Olsen, J. and Walton, V.M. 2010.  Control of overwintering filbertworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) larvae with Steinernema carpocapsaeJournal of Economic Entomology. 103: 416-422.
  15. Chung, H.J., Lee, D.W., Yoon, H.S., Lee, S.M., Park, C.G. and Choo, H.Y.  2010. Temperature and dose effects on the pathogenicity and reproduction of two Korean isolates of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae). Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 13: 277-282.
  16. Danchin, A. 2010.  A path from predation to mutualism. Molecular Microbiology. 77: 1346-1350.
  17. de Carvalho, L.B., Furlong, J., Prata, M.C.D., dos Reis, E.S., Batista, E.S.D., Faza, A.P. and Leite R.C. 2010.  Evaluation in vitro of the infection times of engorged females of Rhipicephalus (Boophilusmicroplus by the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema glaseri CCA strain. Ciencia Rural. 40: 939-943.
  18. de Waal, J.Y., Malan, A.P., Levings, J. and Addison, M.F. 2010.  Key elements in the successful control of diapausing codling moth, Cydia pomonella (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in wooden fruit bins with a South African isolate of Heterorhabditis zealandica (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae). Biocontrol Science and Technology. 20: 489-502.
  19. Dembilio, O., Llacer, E., de Altube, M.D.M. and Jacas, J.A. 2010.  Field efficacy of imidacloprid and Steinernema carpocapsae in a chitosan formulation against the red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Phoenix canariensisPest Management Science. 66: 365-370.
  20. Easom, C.A., Joyce, S.A. and Clarke, D.J. 2010.  Identification of genes involved in the mutualistic colonization of the nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora by the bacterium Photorhabdus luminescensBMC Microbiology. 10: article number 45.
  21. Ekmen, Z.I., Cakmak, I., Karagoz, M., Hazir, S., Ozer, N. and Kaya, H.K. 2010.  Food preference of Sancassania polyphyllae (Acari: Acaridae): living entomopathogenic nematodes or insect tissues? Biocontrol Science and Technology. 20: 553-566.
  22. Ellis, J.D., Spiewok, S., Delaplane, K.S., Buchholz, S., Neumann, P. and Tedders, W.L. 2010.  Susceptibility of Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) larvae and pupae to entomopathogenic nematodes. Journal of Economic Entomology. 103: 1-9.
  23. Ennis, D.E., Dillon, A.B. and Griffin, C.T. 2010.  Simulated roots and host feeding enhance infection of subterranean insects by the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema carpocapsaeJournal of Invertebrate Pathology. 103: 140-143.
  24. Ennis, D.E., Dillon, A.B. and Griffin, C.T.  2010.  Pine weevils modulate defensive behaviour in response to parasites of differing virulence. Animal Behaviour 80: 283-288.
  25. Fayyaz, S. and Javed, S. 2010.  Laboratory evaluation of seven Pakistani strains of entomopathogenic nematodes against a stored grain insect pest, pulse beetle Callosobruchus chinensis (L.). Journal of Nematology. 41: 255-260.
  26. Garcia-Del-Pino, F. and Morton, A. 2010.  Synergistic effect of the herbicides glyphosate and MCPA on survival of entomopathogenic nematodes. Biocontrol Science and Technology. 20: 483-488.
  27. Girling, R.D., Ennis, D., Dillon, A.B. and Griffin, C.T. 2010.  The lethal and sub-lethal consequences of entomopathogenic nematode infestation and exposure for adult pine weevils, Hylobius abietis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 104: 195-202.
  28. Gassmann, A.J., Stock, S.P., Tabashnik, B.E. and Singer, M.S. 2010.  Tritrophic effects of host plants on an herbivore-pathogen interaction. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 103: 371-378.
  29. Hannon, E.R., Sisterson, M.S., Stock, S.P., Carriere, Y., Tabashnik, B.E. and Gassmann, A.J. 2010.  Effects of four nematode species on fitness costs of pink bollworm Sesistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Toxin Cry1Ac . Journal of Economic Entomology.  103: 1821-1831.
  30. Hao, Y.J., Montiel, R., Abubucker, S., Mitreva, M. and Simoes, N. 2010.  Transcripts analysis of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema carpocapsae induced in vitro with insect haemolymph, Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology. 169: 79-86.
  31. Hawlena, H., Bashey, F. and Lively, C.M. 2010.  The evolution of spite: population structure and bacteriocin-mediated antagonism in two natural populations of Xenorhabdus bacteria.  Evolution. 64: 3198-3204.
  32. Hawlena, H., Bashey, F., Mendes-Soares, H. and Lively, C.M. 2010.  Spiteful interactions in a natural population of the bacterium Xenorhabdus bovieniiAmerican naturalist. 175: 374-381.
  33. Hiltpold, I., Baroni, M., Toepfer, S., Kuhlmann, U. and Turlings, T.C.J. 2010.  Selection of entomopathogenic nematodes for enhanced responsiveness to a volatile root signal helps to control a major root pest. Journal of Experimental Biology.  213: 2417-2423.
  34. Hiltpold, I., Toepfer, S., Kuhlmann, U. and Turlings, T.C.J. 2010.  How maize root volatiles affect the efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes in controlling the western corn rootworm? Chemoecology. 20: 155-162.
  35. Hirao, A., and Ehlers, R.U. 2010.  Influence of inoculum density on population dynamics and dauer juvenile yields in liquid culture of biocontrol nematodes Steinernema carpocapsae and S. feltiae (Nematoda: Rhabditida) Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 85: 507-515.
  36. Hirao, A., Ehlers, R.U. and Strauch, O. 2010.  Life cycle and population development of the entomopathogenic nematodes Steinernema carpocapsae and S. feltiae (Nematoda, Rhabditida) in monoxenic liquid culture. Nematology. 12: 201-210.
  37. Jing, Y.J., Toubarro, D., Hao, Y.J. and Simoes, N. 2010Cloning, characterization and heterologous expression of an astacin metalloprotease, Sc-AST, from the entomoparasitic nematode Steinernema carpocapsae . Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology.  174: 101-108.
  38. Khatri-Chhetri, H.B., Waeyenberge, L., Manandhar, H.K. and Moens, M. 2010.  Natural occurrence and distribution of entomopathogenic nematodes (Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae) in Nepal. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 103: 74-78.
  39. Kruitbos, L.M., Heritage, S., Hapca, S. and Wilson, M.J. 2010.  The influence of habitat quality on the foraging strategies of the entomopathogenic nematodes Steinernema carpocapsae and Heterorhabditis megidis. Parasitology. 137: 303-309.
  40. Lacey, L.A., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I. and Glenn, G.M. 2010.   Post-application of anti-desiccant agents improves efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes in formulated host cadavers or aqueous suspension against diapausing codling moth larvae (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Biocontrol Science and Technology. 20: 909-921.
  41. Lango, L. and Clarke, D.J. 2010.  A metabolic switch is involved in lifestyle decisions in Photorhabdus luminescensMolecular Microbiology. 77: 1394-1405.
  42. Laznik, Z., Toth, I., Lakatos, T., Vidrih, M. and Trdan, S. 2010.  Oulema melanopus (L.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) adults are susceptible to entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida) attack: results from a laboratory study. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection. 117: 30-32.
  43. Laznik, Z., Toth, T., Lakatos, T., Vidrih, M. and Trdan, S. 2010.  Control of the Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata [Say]) on potato under field conditions: a comparison of the efficacy of foliar application of two strains of Steinernema feltiae (Filipjev) and spraying with thiametoxam. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection.  117: 129-135.
  44. Laznik, Z., Toth, T., Lakatos, T., Vidrih, M. and Trdan, S. 2010. The activity of three new strains of Steinernema feltiae against adults of Sitophilus oryzae under laboratory conditions. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment. 8: 150-154.
  45. Lee, M.M. and Stock, S.P. 2010.  A multigene approach for assessing evolutionary relationships of Xenorhabdus spp. (gamma-Proteobacteria), the bacterial symbionts of entomopathogenic Steinernema nematodes. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 104: 67-74.
  46. Liesch, P.J. and Williamson, R.C. 2010.  Evaluation of Chemical Controls and Entomopathogenic Nematodes for Control of Phyllophaga White Grubs in a Fraser Fir Production Field. Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 1979-1987.
  47. Mbata, G.N. and Shapiro-Ilan, D.I. 2010.  Compatibility of Heterorhabditis indica (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae) and Habrobracon hebetor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) for biological control of Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Biological Control. 54: 75-82.
  48. McGraw, B.A., Vittumb, P.J. Cowlesc, R.S.and Koppenhoumlfera, A.M. 2010.  Field evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes for the biological control of the annual bluegrass weevil, Listronotus maculicollis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in golf course turfgrass. Journal Biocontrol Science and Technology. 20: 149 – 163.
  49. Melo, E.L., Ortega, C.A., Gaigl, A. and Bellotti, A. 2010.   Evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes for the management of Phyllophaga bicolor (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae). Revista Colombiana de Entomologia 36: 207-212.
  50. Monteiro, C.M.D., Prata, M.C.D., Furlong, J., Faza, A.P., Mendes, A.S., Andalo, V. and Moino, A.2010.  Heterorhabditis amazonensis (Rhabditidae: Heterorhabditidae), strain RSC-5, for biological control of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilusmicroplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Parasitology Research. 106: 821-826.
  51. Morales-Ramos, J.A., Rojas, M.G., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., and Tedders, W. L. 2010.    Developmental Plasticity in Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae): Analysis of Instar Variation in Number and Development Time under Different Diets. Journal of Entomological Science. 45: 75-90.
  52. Mukuka, J., Strauch, O., Hoppe, C. and Ehlers, R. -U. 2010.  Improvement of heat and desiccation tolerance in Heterorhabditis bacteriophora through cross-breeding of tolerant strains and successive genetic selection. Biocontrol. 55: 511-521.
  53. Mukuka, J., Strauch, O., Hoppe, C. and Ehlers, R.U. 2010.  Fitness of heat and desiccation tolerant hybrid strains of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Rhabditidomorpha: Heterorhabditidae). Journal of Pest Science. 83: 281-287.
  54. Mukuka, J., Strauch, O., Waeyenberge, L., Viaene, N., Moens, M. and Ehlers, R.U. 2010.  Heat tolerance among different strains of the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophoraBiocontrol. 55: 423-434.
  55. Navaneethan, T., Strauch, O., Besse, S., Bonhomme, A. and Ehlers, R.U. 2010.  Influence of humidity and a surfactant-polymer-formulation on the control potential of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema feltiae against diapausing codling moth larvae (Cydia pomonella L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Biocontrol  55: 777-788.
  56. Negrisoli, A.S., Garcia, M.S. and Negrisoli, C.R.C.B. 2010.  Compatibility of entomopathogenic nematodes (Nematoda: Rhabditida) with registered insecticides for Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith, 1797) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) under laboratory conditions. Crop Protection. 29: 545-549.
  57. Negrisoli, A.S., Garcia, M.S., Negrisoli, C.R.C.B., Bernardi, D. and da Silva, A. 2010.  Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes (Nematoda: Rhabditida) and insecticide mixtures to control Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith, 1797) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in corn crops. Crop Protection. 29: 677-683.
  58. Nguyen, K.B., Ginarte, C.M.A., Leite, L.G., dos Santos, J.M. and Harakava, R. 2010.  Steinernema brazilense n. sp (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae), a new entomopathogenic nematode from Mato Grosso, Brazil. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 103: 8-20.
  59. Padilla-Cubas, A., Hernandez, A. and Garcia-del-Pino, F. 2010.   Laboratory efficacy against neonate larvae of the banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus of two indigenous entomopathogenic nematode species from the Canary Islands (Spain). International Journal of Pest Management. 56: 211-216.
  60. Půža, V. and Mráček, Z. 2010.  Does scavenging extend the host range of entomopathogenic nematodes (Nematoda: Steinernematidae)? Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 104: 1-3.
  61. Půža, V. and Mráček, Z. 2010.  Mechanisms of coexistence of two sympatric entomopathogenic nematodes, Steinernema affine and S. kraussei (Nematoda: Steinernematidae), in a central European oak woodland soil. Applied Soil Ecology. 45: 65-70.
  62. Rae, R.G., Tourna, M. and Wilson, M.J. 2010.  The slug parasitic nematode Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita associates with complex and variable bacterial assemblages that do not affect its virulence.  Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 104: 222-226.
  63. Richards, G.R. and Goodrich-Blair H. 2010.  Examination of Xenorhabdus nematophila lipases in pathogenic and mutualistic host interactions reveals a role for xlpa in nematode progeny production. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 76: 221-229.
  64. Rohde, C., Moino, A., da Silva, M.A.T., Carvalho, F.D.and Ferreira, C.S. 2010.  Influence of soil temperature and moisture on the infectivity of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae, Steinemematidae) against larvae of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae). NeotropicaL Entomology. 39: 608-
  65. Ross, J.L., Ivanova, E.S., Spiridonov, S.E., Waeyenberge, L., Moens, M., Nicol, G.W. and Wilson, M.J. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of slug-parasitic nematodes inferred from 18S rRNA gene sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 55: 738-743.
  66. Salame, L., Glazer, I., Miqaia, N. and Chkhubianishvili, T. 2010.  Characterization of populations of entomopathogenic nematodes isolated at diverse sites across Israel. Phytoparasitica. 38: 39-52.
  67. Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Mizell, R.F., Horton, D.L., Behle, R.W. and Dunlap, C.A. 2010.  Efficacy of Steinernema carpocapsae for control of the lesser peachtree borer, Synanthedon pictipes: Improved aboveground suppression with a novel gel application. Biological Control. 54: 23-28.
  68. Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Morales-Ramos, J.A., Rojas, M.G. and Tedders, W.L. 2010.  Effects of a novel entomopathogenic nematode-infected host formulation on cadaver integrity, nematode yield, and suppression of Diaprepes abbreviatus and Aethina tumidaJournal of Invertebrate Pathology. 103: 103-108.
  69. Shrestha, S. and Kim, Y. 2010.  Differential pathogenicity of two entomopathogenic bacteria, Photorhabdus temperata subsp temperata and Xenorhabdus nematophila against the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneumJournal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 13: 209-213.
  70. Stefan, T., Ibolya, H.Z., Ehlers, R.U., Peters, A. and Kuhlmann, U. 2010.  The effect of application techniques on field-scale efficacy: can the use of entomopathogenic nematodes reduce damage by western corn rootworm larvae? Agricultural and Forest Entomology.  12: 389-402.
  71. Toepfer, S., Burger, R., Ehlers, R. -U., Peters, A. and Kuhlmann, U. 2010.  Controlling western corn rootworm larvae with entomopathogenic nematodes: effect of application techniques on plant-scale efficacy. Journal of Applied Entomology. 134: 467-480.
  72. Toepfer, S., Kurtz, B. and Kuhlmann, U. 2010. Influence of soil on the efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes in reducing Diabrotica virgifera virgifera in maize. Journal of Pest Science. 83: 257-264.
  73. Wang, Z., Wilhelmsson, C., Hyrsl, P., Loof, T.G., Dobes, P., Klupp, M., Loseva, O., Morgelin, M., Ikle, J., Cripps, R.M., Herwald, H.and Theopold, U.  2010.  Pathogen entrapment by transglutaminase-A conserved early innate immune mechanism. Plos Pathogens. 62: e1000763.
  74. Williams, R.N., Fickle, D.S., Grewal, P.S. and Dutcher, J. 2010.  Field efficacy against the grape root borer Vitacea polistiformis (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) and persistence of Heterorhabditis zealandica and H. bacteriophora (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae) in vineyards. Biological Control. 53: 86-91.
  75. Yan, X., Liu, X., Han, R., Chen, S., De Clercq, P. and Moens, M. 2010. Osmotic induction of anhydrobiosis in entomopathogenic nematodes of the genera Heterorhabditis and SteinernemaBiological Control. 53: 325-330.
  76. Ye, W.M., Torres-Barragan, A. and Cardoza, Y.J. 2010.  Oscheius carolinensis n. sp (Nematoda: Rhabditidae), a potential entomopathogenic nematode from vermicompost. Nematology. 12: 121-135.
  77. Zhang, L.K., Zhang, P.B., Cao, L. and Han, R.C. 2010.  Susceptibility of red imported fire ant queens to the entomopathogenic nematodes Steinernema carpocapsae All and S. scapterisciSociobiology. 55: 519-526.
  78. Xu, C.X., De Clercq, P., Moens, M., Chen, S.L and Han, R.C. 2010. Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae) against the striped flea beetle, Phyllotreta striolata. Biocontrol 55: 789-797.


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