Heterorhabditis species

A new subspecies of Photorhabdus luminescens by Ganpati Jagdale

Symbiotic bacteria, Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. sonorensis, Orozco, Hill & Stock, 2013

Based on phenotypic characteristics and sequences of the 16S rDNA, the symbiotic bacteria extracted from an entomopathogenic nematode, Heterorhabditis sonorensis has been identified as Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. sonorensis, Orozco, Hill & Stock, 2013 (Orozco et al., 2013).


Orozco, R.A., Hill, T. and Stock, S.P. 2013.  Characterization and phylogenetic relationships of Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. sonorensis (gamma-Proteobacteria: Enterobacteriaceae), the bacterial symbiont of the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis sonorensis (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae). Current Microbiology 66: 30-39.

Stock, S.P., Rivera-Orduno, B. and Flores-Lara, Y. 2009. Heterorhabditis sonorensis n. sp (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae), a natural pathogen of the seasonal cicada Diceroprocta ornea (Walker) (Homoptera: Cicadidae) in the Sonoran desert. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 100: 175-184.

A new entomopathogenic heterorhabditid nematode from South Africa by Ganpati Jagdale

Heterorhabditis noenieputensis

Based on both morphological and molecular characteristics, a new species of entomopthogenic nematode collected from a Citrus orchard was identified as Heterorhabditid nematode and named as Heterorhabditis noenieputensis. For detail information on its morphological and molecular characteristics and their comparisons with other closely related species of heterorhabditid nematodes read following literature.


Malan, A.P., Knoetze, R. and Tiedt, L. 2012. Heterorhabditis noenieputensis n. sp. (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae), a new entomopathogenic nematode from South Africa. Journal of Helminthology 12:1-13.

A new entomopathogenic Heterorhabdtid nematode from China by Ganpati Jagdale

Heterorhabditid Nematode: Heterorhabditis beicherriana

Based on both morphological and molecular characteristics an entomopathogenic nematode isolated from an orchard located near Beijing, China was considered as a new species Heterorhabditid nematode and named as Heterorhabditis beicherriana (Li et al., 2012). For more information on molecular technique read following literature.


Li, X.Y., Liu, Q.Z., Nermut, J., Puza, V. and Mracek, Z. 2012. Heterorhabditis beicherriana n. sp (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae), a new entomopathogenic nematode from the Shunyi district of Beijing, China. Zootaxa  Issue: 3569: 25-40.  

Species of the genus Heterorhabditis Poinar, 1976 by Ganpati Jagdale

Known species of Heterorhabditis Poinar, 1976 with a biocontrol potential- Identification based on morphological and molecular techniques

  1. Heterorhabditis amazonensis Andalo, Nguyen, & Moino, 2006
  2. H. argentinensis Stock, 1993
  3. H. atacamensis, Edgington, Buddie, Moore, France, Merino, & Hunt, 2011
  4. H. bacteriophora Poinar, 1976
  5. H. baujardi Phan, Subbotin, Nguyen & Moens, 2003
  6. H. brevicaudis Liu, 1994
  7. H. downesi Stock, Griffin & Burnell, 2002
  8. H. floridensis Nguyen, Gozel, Koppenhofer, & Adams, 2006
  9. H. georgiana Nguyen, Shapiro-Ilan, & Mbata, 2008
  10. Heterorhabditis gerrardi, Plichta, Joyce, Clarke, Waterfield, & Stock, 2009
  11. H. hambletoni (Pereira, 1937) Poinar, 1976
  12. H. hawaiiensis Gardner, Stock & Kaya, 1994
  13. H. heliothidis (Khan, Brooks & Hirschman, 1976) Poinar, Thomas & Hess, 1977
  14. H. hepialius Stock, Strong & Gardner, 1996
  15. H. hoptha (Turco, 1970), Poinar, 1979
  16. H. indica Poinar, Karunakar & David, 1992
  17. H. marelata Liu & Berry, 1996
  18. H. megidis Poinar, Jackson & Klein, 1988
  19. H. mexicana Nguyen, Shapiro-Ilan, Stuart, MCCoy, James & Adams, 2004
  20. H. poinari Kakulia & Mikaia, 1997
  21. H. safricana Malan, Nguyen, deWaal, & Tiedt, 2008
  22. Heterorhabditis sonorensis, Stock, Rivera-Orduno, & Flores-Lara, 2009
  23. H. taysearae Shamseldean, El-Sooud, Abd-Elgawad & Saleh, 1996
  24. H. zealandica Poinar, 1990

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