Steinernema species

Steinernema feltiae for Codling Moth Control in the October by Ganpati Jagdale

The codling moth, Cydia pomonella is one of the most damaging pets of apples, pears and walnuts. Adult moths are gray in color with dark brown band at the tip of wings.  Larvae are white in color with dark brown head.  Only larvae of codling moth cause damage to fruits and adults do not cause any damage to either apple or pear fruits or trees.

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Steinernema costaricense the beneficial Nematode found in Missouri by Ganpati Jagdale

The measurement of both the morphological and molecular characteristics showed that the newly isolated beneficial nematode from Missouri, USA is closely related to the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema costaricense, which was originally isolated from Costa Rica in 2007 (Uribe-Lorio et al., 2007).

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A new entomopathogenic Stienernematid nematode from Ethiopia by Ganpati Jagdale

 Steinernema ethiopiense- Nematodeinformation

Using Galleria mellonella baiting technique (Bedding and Akhurst, 1975), an entomopthogenic nematode isolated from Ethiopia was identified as Stienernematid nematode. Based on both morphological and molecular characteristics, this entomopathogenic nematodes was considered as a new species and named as Steinernema ethiopiense (Tamiru et al., 2012).

For detail information on its morphological and molecular characteristics of this new species and its comparisons with other known species of Steinernematid nematodes read following literature.

Literature:

Bedding, R.A. and R.J. Akhurst. 1975. A simple technique for detection of insect parasitic rhabditid nematodes in soil. Nematologica. 21: 109-110.

Tamiru, T., Waeyenberge, L., Hailu, T., Ehlers, R.-U., Půža, V., Mráček, Z. 2012.  Steinernema ethiopiense sp. n. (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae), a new entomopathogenic nematode from Ethiopia. Nematology 14: 741- 757.

A new entomopathogenic Stienernematid nematode from China by Ganpati Jagdale

Steinernema xinbinense- Nematodeinformation

Using Galleria mellonella baiting technique (Bedding and Akhurst, 1975), a new species of entomopthogenic nematode collected from Liaoning province of North China was identified as Stienernematid nematode and based on both morphological and molecular characteristics it was named as Steinernema xinbinense (Ma et al., 2012).

For detail information on the morphological and molecular characteristics of this new species read following literature.

Literature:

Bedding, R.A. and R.J. Akhurst. 1975. A simple technique for detection of insect parasitic rhabditid nematodes in soil. Nematologica. 21: 109-110.

Ma, J., Chen, S., De Clercq, P., Waeyenberge, L., Han, R. and Moens, M. 2012. A new entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema xinbinense n. sp. (Nematoda: Steinernematidae), from north China. Nematology 14: 723-739

Species of the genus Steinernema Travassos, 1927 by Ganpati Jagdale

Known species of Steinernema Travassos, 1927 with a biocontrol potential- Identification was based on morphological and molecular techniques

  1. Steinernema abbasi Elawad, Ahma & Reid, 1997
  2. S. aciari Qiu, Yan, Zhou, Nguyen & Pang, 2004
  3. S. affine (Bovien, 1937) Wouts, Mrácek, Gerdin & Bedding, 1982
  4. S. akhursti Qiu, Hu, Zhou, Mei, Nguyen, & Pang, 2005
  5. S. anatoliense Hazir, Stock & Keskin, 2003
  6. S. apuliae Triggiani, Mracek & Reid, 2004
  7. S. arenarium (Artyukhovsky, 1967) Wouts, Mrácek, Gerdin & Bedding, 1982
  8. S. ashiuense Phan, Takemoto & Futai, 2006
  9. S. asiaticum Shahina, Reid & Rowe, 2002
  10. S. australe, Edgington, Buddie, Tymo, Hunt, Nguyen, France, Merino, & Moore, 2009
  11. S. backanense Phan, Spiridonov, Subbotin & Moens, 2006
  12. S. balochiense Fayyaz, Khanum, Ali, Solangi, Gulsher & Javed, 2015
  13. S. beddingi Qiu, Hu, Zhou, Pang & Nguyen, 2005
  14. S. bicornutum Tallosi, Peters & Ehlers 1995
  15. S. brazilense, Nguyen, Ginarte, Leite, dos Santos, & Harakava, 2010
  16. S. carpocapsae (Weiser, 1955) Wouts, Mrácek, Gerdin & Bedding, 1982
  17. S. caudatum Xu, Wang & Li, 1991
  18. S. ceratophorum Jian, Reid & Hunt 1997
  19. S. cholashanense Nguyen, Puža & Mrácek, 2008
  20. S. citrae Stokwe, Malan, Nguyen, Knoetze, & Tiedt, 2011
  21. S. costaricense Uribe, Mora & Stock, 2007
  22. S. cubanum Mrá¡cek, Hernandez & Boemare, 1994
  23. S. cumgarense Phan, Spiridonov, Subbotin & Moens, 2006
  24. S. dharanaii , Kulkarni, Rizvi, Kumar, Paunikar& Mishra, 2012
  25. S. diaprepesi Nguyen, & Duncan, 2002
  26. S. eapokense Phan, Spiridonov, Subbotin & Moens, 2006
  27.  S. fabii Abate, Malan, Tiedt, Wingfield, Slippers, Hurley, 2016. 
  28. S. feltiae (Filipjev, 1934) Wouts, Mrácek, Gerdin & Bedding, 1982
  29. S. glaseri (Steiner, 1929) Wouts, Mracek, Gerdin & Bedding, 1982
  30. S. guangdongense Qiu, Fang, Zhou, Pang, & Nguyen, 2004
  31. S. hebeiense Chen, Li, Yan, Spiridonov & Moens, 2006
  32. S. hermaphroditum Stock, Griffin, & Chaerani, 2004
  33. S.  innovation Cimen, Lee, Hatting, Hazir, Stock 2015
  34. S. intermedium (Poinar, 1985) Mamiya, 1988
  35. S. jeffreyense Malan, Knoetze & Tiedt, 2016
  36. S. jollieti Spiridonov, Krasomil-Osterfeld & Moens, 2004
  37. S. karii Waturu, Hunt & Reid, 1997
  38. S. khoisanae Nguyen, Malan, & Gozel, 2006
  39. S. kraussei (Steiner, 1923) Travassos, 1927
  40. S. kushidai Mamiya, 1988
  41. S. leizhouense Nguyen, Qiu, Zhou, & Pang, 2006
  42. S. litorale Yoshida, 2004
  43. S. loci Phan, Nguyen & Moens, 2001
  44. S. longicaudum Shen & Wang, 1992
  45. S. monticolum Stock, Choo & Kaya, 1997
  46. S. neocurtillae Nguyen & Smart, 1992
  47. S. oregonense Liu & Berry, 1996
  48. S. pakistanense Shahina, Anis, Reid, Rowe & Maqbool, 2001
  49. S. papillatum  San-Blas, Portillo, Nermut, Puza, & Morales-Montero 2015
  50. S. phyllophagae Nguyen and Buss, 2011
  51. S. puertoricense Roman & Figueroa, 1994
  52. S. puntauvense Uribe, Mora & Stock, 2007
  53. S. rarum (Doucet, 1986) Mamiya, 1988
  54. S. riobrave Cabanillas, Poinar & Raulston, 1994
  55. S. ritteri de Doucet & Doucet, 1992
  56. S. robustispiculum Phan, Subbotin, Waeyenberge, & Moens, 2005
  57. S. sangi Phan, Nguyen & Moens, 2001
  58. S. sasonense Phan, Spiridonov, Subbotin & Moens, 2006
  59. S. scapterisci Nguyen & Smart, 1992
  60. S. scarabaei Stock & Koppenhöfer 2003
  61. S. serratum Liu, 1992
  62. S. siamkayai Stock, Somsook & Kaya, 1998
  63. S. sichuanense Mrácek, Nguyen, Tailliez, Boemare & Chen, 2006
  64. S. silvaticum Sturhan, Spiridonov & Mracek, 2005
  65. S. tami Luc, Nguyen, Reid & Spiridonov, 2000
  66. S. texanum Nguyen, Stuart, Andalo, Gozel, & Roger, 2007
  67. S. thanhi Phan, Nguyen & Moens, 2001
  68. S. thermophilum Ganguly & Singh, 2000
  69. S. websteri Cutler & Stock, 2003
  70. S. weiseri Mrácek, Sturhan & Reid, 2003
  71. S. xinbinense Ma, Chen, De Clercq, Waeyenberge, Han & Moens, 2012
  72. S. xueshanense, Mracek, Liu, & Nguyen, 2009
  73. S. yirgalemense Nguyen, Tesfamariam, Gozel, Gaugler, & Adams, 2005

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